Grow mushrooms at home, Here’s how you can grow mushrooms at home in an easy, simple and fast way. Go ahead! Start your own breeding!
Grow mushrooms at home
First of all, remember that mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) are a type of fungus very often used in the kitchen. In fact, both the caps and the hat are used. Growing mushrooms will open you new culinary possibilities. And best of all, they will always be at hand.
Mushroom is an organism that differs from plants by the lack of a root, stem or leaf. It does not contain chlorophyll, so it feeds on organic matter from the outside. In the case of mushrooms, these are edible and very tasty mushrooms that can be eaten even raw.
Because they do not have seeds, the mushrooms grow from spores. The spores, finding the right moisture conditions, germinate and produce hyphae that branch out and form a mass called mycelium.
Grow mushrooms at home with benefits
- You have the satisfaction of producing your own organic food at home.
- It is also a great opportunity to work with your children . Growing mushrooms at home offers children the opportunity to observe how these mushrooms grow. They will not get such experience in an environment they can not control.
- This is a very efficient production, because the whole crop can be obtained from a single spore.
- The collection of mushrooms is very simple, so their value increases compared to buying at a supermarket or grocery store.
- Self-cultivation of mushrooms gives you confidence that what you consume is not chemically processed and is indeed natural.
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What should the cultivation of mushrooms at home look like?
To grow mushrooms at home, you need to have some space for it. If we have a yard with the ground, we can separate the appropriate section for cultivation.
On the other hand, if we have an apartment at our disposal, it is best to choose an elongated pot and place it in a dark place. At this point, remember that mushrooms do not need sunlight. These are the specific requirements related to the living conditions of mushrooms.
Among other things, this is why growing mushrooms is easier than it seems , and their production can be continued as long as there are adequate nutrients in the substrate. So, it’s time to start our cattery !
- Mushroom pressed in cubes (you can also buy pre-bred mushroom seedlings).
- 1 box (preferably made of polystyrene, because it does not rot or decompose, and in addition helps to maintain the appropriate humidity and temperature). This box will require a lid, so make sure you have it before you start growing.
What should you do to grow mushrooms at home?
Before starting the whole process, we recommend cooking the straw in boiling water. This should be done to prevent germination and eliminate any traces of fungi that it may already have in itself.
- Evenly mix the compost with the straw, and then moisten it with some water. If you want, you can add some ground coffee , because it will nourish the compost and promote the growth and development of fungi.
- Place this mixture in a box. Remember that the more fertilizer there is, the higher the production of mushrooms, so add as much as you can.
- Spread the mycelium evenly and cover it with a thin layer of one-finger mixture. Then fill with water.
- Cover the box with a lid to prevent light from entering. You must leave the box in a dark place for 5 to 8 days. It is important to keep the moisture in the box all the time until you see a whitish coating on the ground. This means that the mycelium has colonized the substrate.
- Now prepare another lid for the box, which will allow the growth of mushrooms . Make a hole in the middle of this cover to let some light in, but always only in a limited way. Cover the lid with a transparent foil to avoid losing moisture or heat.
- It is important to keep the humidity at 80%, but not to exceed this level. If you want, you can pour the inner surface of the lid instead of pouring water directly on the mushrooms. When the water evaporates, you will know that the time has come to spray the lid again.
- You will receive the first collection within 20 days (approximately) when the hats reach a diameter of 5 to 8 cm.
- Separate them gently from the ground when the gills under the hat are pink. Turn the body of each mushroom slightly until it detaches from the ground.
If you follow these steps correctly, you should have a new collection every week. So you can enjoy your own organic mushrooms and prepare your favorite recipes.
Some recommendations for growing mushrooms at home.
As you can see, growing mushrooms is really easy, but requires a bit of patience and
- Make sure that the space in which you place containers with mushrooms is well ventilated. This way you will avoid unpleasant odors and other nuisances.
- Use good quality compost, because it is the mushrooms that get the nutrients.
- The optimum room temperature should be between 22 and 27 ° C. A higher temperature than this can be an obstacle. If the temperature exceeds 35 ° C, the mushrooms will stop growing.
- Use the crop irrigation sprayer.
- Wash tools before and after use to avoid contamination of the surroundings.
- An ideal place for growing mushrooms is a dark room or garage.